What is CBD Oil & its extraction
CBD or Cannabidiol is one of the 104 chemical compounds, known as cannabinoids, found in the cannabis plant, which belongs to the Cannabis sativa species. CBD is a non-intoxicating component of the plant and is believed to have many therapeutic effects on the human body and mind.
Since CBD is a non-psychoactive component, CBD oil does not cause a “high” or the euphoric sensation that is generally associated with cannabis or marijuana. CBD oil has no or negligible traces of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol – another compound found in the plant), which is indeed a psychoactive cannabinoid and is responsible for the famous marijuana high.
Cannabidiol is extracted from cannabis or hemp (plants, both belonging to the Cannabis Sativa family) and diluted with a carrier oil like coconut oil or hemp seed oil to create CBD oil. Due to controversies surrounding the cannabis plant, industrial-grade CBD is extracted from hemp (another plant that falls under the Cannabis Sativa species), as it has less than 0.3% THC.
Manufacturers sell CBD oils in different forms – tincture, concentrate, soft gel capsules, topical solution, under-the-tongue sprays, wax, edibles, skin creams, and patch. The CBD concentration in each of these products may vary.
Although several studies have exhibited CBD oil’s benefits on patients suffering from epilepsy, anxiety issues, heart problems, Schizophrenia, inflammation, chronic pain, and addiction, research is still on and scientists aren’t entirely certain CBD oil’s exact level of efficiency in treating these ailments.
What are the Benefits of CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol has been proven to be a good remedy for many health conditions. Before we discuss the benefits of CBD oil on the human body and mind in more detail, we must add that the use of CBD oil in any form is quite safe as it does not lead to dependence or tolerance towards the drug. So, it is an excellent choice for those trying to kick addictions or stay away from addictive drugs. So far, CBD oil has been reported to help in:
1. Relief from Chronic Pain & Inflammation
People suffering from chronic pain resulting from fibromyalgia have experienced relief after using CBD oil. Using CBD oil has also been found to offer common pain relief and prevent the degeneration of the nervous system.
In Canada, it has been approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and cancer pain. According to the authors of a study, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, CBD significantly reduced chronic inflammation and pain in some mice and rats. The researchers suggested that CBD can provide a new treatment for chronic pain.
Chronic inflammation, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, leads to many non-infectious diseases like heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s Disease, Type 1 Diabetes, and even autoimmune disease. Research shows that CBD can treat inflammation and in turn help alleviate these diseases. In short, CBD helps with pain relief.
2. Calms Epilepsy
CBD has been proven to have anti-seizure properties that can successfully treat children with drug-resistant types of neurological disorders like epilepsy.
In a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, CBD showed a decrease in the frequency of seizures by 23 percentage points over those taking a placebo.
In fact, in June 2018, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisors approved the prescription use of Epidiolex, a purified form of CBD oil, for treating two rare and severe forms of epilepsy in patients of the ages of 2 years and older. These two forms of epilepsy – Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS) and Dravet Syndrome (DS) – generally don’t respond to anti-seizure medications.
Epidiolex happens to be the first FDA-approved drug that contains a purified form of a drug derived from marijuana. This drug reduces the seizures and sometimes stops them altogether. Remarkable visual proof of its effects on children suffering from “childhood epilepsy” is available on the internet for people to view.
On June 25, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, on behalf of the FDA, stated: “Today, the FDA approved a purified form of the drug cannabidiol (CBD)…The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older.”
Research has also suggested that CBD can help treat complications arising from epilepsy, like neurodegeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases.