What Exactly Are Terpenes?
People eat foods that contain terpenes every day. Many citrus fruits and vegetables get their smell and taste from the terpenes they contain. The smell of pine, marijuana, lavender, and orange peels comes from terpenes.
Like many other plant compounds, terpenes are there to protect plants from bacteria and predators. To humans, terpenes are medicinal and can treat many conditions.
Terpenes are not specific to the cannabis plant. There are found in many different plant species, and even some bugs.
They are primarily used as a defense mechanism from herbivores. Every notice how some plants or some bugs have a horrible smell? That’s the terpenes at work.
While we are still in the early stages of learning about terpenes and how they can help people, there is a lot of evidence that they can treat many health problems.
Does Cannabis Contain Terpenes?
Yes, you can find these compounds in the cannabis plant. You can benefit from terpenes no matter how you consume marijuana.
Remember, the cannabis plant encompasses both the hemp plant, and the marijuana plant species.
Not all THC or CBD products contain terpenes. Sometimes, the edibles or tinctures you buy do not contain any.
If you are using CBD for medicinal purposes, it might not work very well without terpenes.
Since many people take CBD for depression or anxiety, beta-caryophyllene is one of the most important terpenes. Studies show that it helps calm you down and lift your mood.
Beta-Caryophyllene is also one of the terpenes present in the hops terpene profile, and it gives hops their smell and taste.
Beta-caryophyllene is found in beer brewed with hops.
Hops have long been assumed to have sedative properties but without scientific evidence. Recently, research has shown that they have sedative effects in beer.
Beta-pinene is what gives pine needles their refreshing scent. Pinene works as an anti-depressant and might even have cancer-fighting powers.
Anyone with a persistently low or unstable mood should try CBD oil that contains pinene within the terpene profile.
While people often permanently beat depression by improving their health and life, it is not easy for depressed people to improve their lives. People often use medicine to treat their depression first, then improve their lives so they can go off the medication.
People should try CBD if they need something to help them have the energy to make lifestyle changes. It is better than anti-depressants and certainly better than alcohol or harder drugs.
There is also evidence that alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are very potent anti-cancer substances.
Multiple studies show that these terpenes can reduce cancer rates, at least in animals. More research will be required before doctors begin regularly recommending pinene, or CBD tinctures with pinene, to patients.
Limonene is one of the most common and most aromatic terpenes. It gives lemons, and many other citrus fruits, their scent. Many strains of marijuana contain it, often even if the strain is best known for other terpenes.
People use CBD with limonene to treat anxiety. Studies on mice show that it has significant anti-anxiety effects. At best, limonene may also help people beat cancer – according to studies.
One of the reason most citrus fruits smell and taste so delicious, is because of terpenes.
Myrcene can kill fungus. It even has great antibacterial properties. These antibacterial properties and antifungal attributes may make it a good treatment for all sorts of illnesses, but we do not yet know a huge amount about it.
Hopefully, myrcene could be potent enough to use as a general antibacterial or antifungal medication, but we don’t know enough about it yet.
Myrcene might also work as a sedative. Many people use CBD to help them sleep. Possibly, CBD tincture containing myrcene could work as an excellent sleep aid.
This is one of the less well-understood terpenes. Experiment with it if you want and see if it works well for you.
Linalool works well for daytime stress relief rather than for sedating you before you go to bed at night. While it works as an anti-depressant, it is also a good choice for people who are not necessarily depressed but do want to lower their stress levels.
Lavender has a ton of linalool in it, hence the calming smell.
Linalool affects the brain through the monoaminergic pathway, which is the same part of the brain beta-pinene affects. Plants containing linalool or beta-pinene have traditionally been used to treat anxiety or depression.
Try a CBD tincture containing both linalool and a high dose of CBD to keep your daytime stress levels down. It may also serve as a great sleep aid.
While many terpenes calm you down, humulene can energize you.